What is a Patent
A patent is a legal right granted by a country's government. It informs the world you are the legal owner of the patented material e.g. product, invention, specification and grants an exclusive right to freely pursue it (without competition) within the country for a limited period.
Patents make it illegal for anyone except the owner or someone with the owner’s permission to make, use, import or sell the patented material in the country where the patent was granted.
Patents cover products or processes that contain new functional or technical aspects, how they work, how they are made or what they are made of. Such as electronics, medicines, agriculture and transport. Anything in fact from a small detail in an electric switch to an entire power station.